Metropolitan city Delhi being the nerve center for National governance, Business, Education, Culture, Sports, etc. has resulted in overpopulation. As a result, shortage of dwelling units has lead to rise of Squatter/ Jhuggi Jhompri settlements, Unauthorised colonies and poor infrastructure facilities. The Research Project focuses on Khirki Extension, an area with cultural diversity that now withholds storied buildings, most with shops on the ground floor and houses a mix of foreign and national immigrants staying either for education or in search of employment. Weak Government Policies, Low Financial assistance, Broad By-Laws, High Land Cost, low retaliation from settlers and limitation of implementing change are some of the problems highlighted in the paper.
The user target is lower and middle class families and individuals who are bound to reside in a residential locality like Khirki due to financial constraints. In continuation to the findings, the final project, "Design Guidelines for Urban Housing", 2015 suggests 4 levels of Design Interventions which can help to resolve housing problems of 1639 unauthorised colonies in national capital Delhi; the impact of which can contribute for the betterment of users and in a city's development as a whole.
First Level talks about visual elements - colour, light, materials and their potential of creating different ambience. The discussions revolve around co-relation of colour with context, relativity of colour and materials, positioning and colour temperature of lights and usage of different material finishes.
Second Level addresses possibilities of furniture arrangement that can make a difference in interpreting the size of a space. With wrong furniture choices being the reason for encroachment on balconies and streets, different furniture designs have been suggested focussing on the need, budget and cultural lifestyle of the user group.
Third Level questions on the pattern of housing lifestyle. The approach explores the usage of Living Room, Kitchen and Dining Area as one common space offering a bigger interaction pause point and cutting down extra circulation space which can be used for other activities.
Fourth Level suggests an overall structural design solution on how we can approach housing. Parameters like climate sensitivity, social and cultural context, existence of variant needs from user to user, low energy consumption, need and importance of common interactive spaces, making the user aware of hygiene, community development have been discussed.
(below) Illustration of housings at Khriki Village